- Yudnamutana: The track to the Yudnamutana mining area skirts the North West boundary of the Arkaroola Sanctuary. Here the mountains ... read story
- Nuccaleena Spring and Copper Mine.: Copper was discovered in Nuccaleena in the mid 1850s, and by 1860 mining had commenced with 100 tons of ... read story
- Butterfly Spring: Butterfly Spring is a welcoming and well established Rest Area and camp ground half way between Boroloola (182 Kms) and ... read story
- Tietkens Well: Tietken attempted to settle at Maralinga unsuccessfully in the 1870s . There are also remains of a homestead he ... read story
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Yudnamutana (22 December 2010)
contributed by DerrickJessop
(contact DerrickJessop about this story | see more stories from DerrickJessop)
The track to the Yudnamutana mining area skirts the North West boundary of the Arkaroola Sanctuary. Here the mountains of the Gammon Ranges give way to rolling hills.
John Eyre was the first to venture this far North in 1840, having to finally give up at Mount Hopeless. Copper was discovered in the hills in 1860 and mining commenced almost immediately. As well as the Yudnamutana mine there were Wheal Austin, Pinnacles, Wheal Gleeson,Black Queen, Wealthy King, Cockscomb, Wheal Frost and Wallace Gully mines and diggings. Today, shafts and mullock heaps are all that remain other than the Yudnamutana Smelters' two great boilers and foundations of the furnaces and chimney stack, flue and iron boiler chimney and scattered timber lying around. A lone fireplace and chimney are all that remain of any dwellings.
A four ton block of 50% rich copper ore was hauled down to Adelaide and paraded through the streets. But although there was great promise the mines closed in 1869. The only carriage out was by animal power, and a series of drought years meant no feed for the animals.
The smelters date from 1910 when an effort was made to rejuvenate the mines, but again drought and the difficulty of transporting ore to the Farina railway, 100 Kms away, quickly put paid to the scheme despite the vast amount of effort and money spent on building the smelter complex.
It was abandoned without the boilers having ever been fired up and the whole complex dismantled.
The cemetery head stones give some insight into the hardships endured. They reveal a wife murdered by her husband, a man killed on falling down a shaft, another shot after a disagreement, one thrown off a horse, one died of thirst and a number of children who died from disease and illness.
Although very remote, the sight is a popular adventure destination and a group of Adelaide high school students on a research trip have even erected a monument.
Lunch in the dry Yerelina Creek bed, not far from the Yudnamutana bore was a welcome break. Fortunately my trusty 4WD did not let me down as visitors are still few and far between.
This story was uploaded into the Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia entry for the Bore 'Yudnamutana Bore'.
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