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St Helena Penal Colony (13 May 2015)
contributed by mapoik
(contact mapoik about this story)
St Helena was a penal colony for many years at the end of the 19th century to early 20th century. There were no confirmed escapes from the Island as the bay was a haven for sharks. There was 'mining ' in the form of dredging in the late 20th century, but no mining on the Island itself apart from the stone cut to build the jail buildings.
St Helena is arguably the prettiest island in the bay, with its dominant hill and huge pines visible from many miles away, and is now under the control of the Parks & Wildlife service who manage tourist trips to the island, and preserve the remaining penal colony buildings.
There are graves of the prisoners who died there and the remains of a lime kiln which the prisoners worked, and some of the buildings have survived
The island was basically self sufficient, the prisoners growing vegetables, hemp for making ropes, and a tailors shop, and other trades were carried on under the strict supervision of the warders.
If you are interested to see how life was in those days as a prisoner , St Helena is on the tourist map.
This story was uploaded into the Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia entry for the Mine 'Saint Helena Island Mine'.
- add a story about Saint Helena Island Mine: click here to add a story about Saint Helena Island Mine
- info about Saint Helena Island Mine: click here for the Bonzle entry on Saint Helena Island Mine (open in new window)
- map of Saint Helena Island Mine: click here for the Bonzle map of Saint Helena Island Mine (open in new window)
- pictures of Saint Helena Island Mine: click here for pictures of Saint Helena Island Mine (open in new window)